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Mesolithic Age

Updated: Apr 9, 2023

  • This age extended from 10,000 BC to 5000 BC.

  • This was a transitional phase between the Paleolithic Age and the Neolithic Age.

  • The Ice Age ended and the climate became warmer during this period.

Tool Technology During Mesolithic Age

  • During Mesolithic Age, microliths were used; they were very small tools of the size of around 3 cm.


  • Microliths were used as arrow heads and spear heads. It indicates that man was aware of projectile technology during the Mesolithic Age.


Economic Life During Mesolithic Age

  • During the Mesolithic Age, the climate became warmer, so the survival rate of human beings increased. As a result, human population increased. It was no longer possible to meet the food needs from hunting and food gathering activities alone. So man started the domestication of animals. The economy became 'pastoral economy'. Goats and sheep were the first animals to be domesticated.


Living Pattern During Mesolithic Age

  • During Mesolithic period, man started making huts. The huts were made using bamboo, grass, etc. We can see the evidences of Mesolithic settlements at Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh, Bagor in Rajasthan, etc.


Social Life During Mesolithic Age

  • During Mesolithic period, the climate became warmer and as a result, the population size increased. People started living in groups and the concept of social life emerged for the first time. During this period, a number of families started living together in an area.


Other Aspects of Mesolithic Age

  • Knowledge of fire was attained for the first time during Mesolithic Age. Fire was made by rubbing stones or woods each other.


  • The knowledge of the fire ensured the warmth of the body and safety from wild animals. For the first time, man started to consume roasted food.


  • Since Mesolithic Age, people started fighting for resources due to the scarcity of resources. In Sarai Nahar Rai of Uttar Pradesh, some graves were discovered; some of the skeletons in these graves were having arrow heads struck in them. It indicates that those people were attacked by some other groups.



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