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Aruvippuram Movement

  • Aruvippuram movement was a reaction against Brahmanic supremacy and caste system by Sri. Narayana Guru.

Background

  • Sri. Narayana Guru was born in an Ezhva family (a lower caste).

  • The lower caste people were banned from entering the temples and even using the public roads.

  • Narayana Guru believed in the equality of all men irrespective of their castes.

  • He began his public activity as a rebel against the Brahminical tradition.

  • The right to install idols, and to perform poojas in temples were the monopoly of Brahmins but Narayana Guru opposed the same.

Temple Consecration at Aruvippuram

  • Narayana Guru took a stone of the shape of Sivalinga from the bed of the river Neyyar and installed it for worship at Aruvipuram near Neyyatinkara.

  • This event was held in 1888.

  • This bold act of Narayana Guru, upset the Brahmins who dominated the consecration of temples and other connected ceremonies. They questioned the propriety of Narayana Guru to consecrate a temple. But Guru said that he did not consecrate 'Brahmin Siva', but an 'Ezhava Siva'.

  • After wards, he moved from place to place and established more than sixty temples.

  • The Ezhavas considered him as their leader and became his followers.

  • The Ezhavas themselves officiated as priests in the temples founded by him.

Importance of Aruvippuram Movement

  • Through the work of Sri Narayana Guru, the untouchables entered upon a new age, and made a discovery of their own personality.

  • An unprecedented sense of self respect made them proud people and in the later politics of Kerala they were destined to play a major role.

  • The effect of Sri Narayana Guru was felt in South Travancore that encouraged the people to fight for their right.

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